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Joined: 24 Dec 2013
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PostPosted: Sat Nov 15, 2014 1:35 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Stupid question. Wouldn't it have been easier to build a refinery in N.D. than ship it to Houston?
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PostPosted: Sat Nov 15, 2014 1:40 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

In a debate between a pair of Dem and GOP congressmen who claim to be experts in the issue, the Leftie said ALL Keystone oil will go straight to the Gulf of Mexico for shipment directly overseas and the Rightie said some or much of that oil is slated for U.S. consumption. One of them is apparently lying; who is it?

Sure, I could research it, but this is much quicker and I'm sure COB or Mrgybe knows which one was lying. What I've heard and seen about Keystone oil's destiny was that Canada wanted to sell most of it to the U.S., the White House refused it (i.e., "I'll have a committee study that idea 'til hell freezes over"), and Canada said, "then we'll have to sell it to China".
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PostPosted: Sat Nov 15, 2014 1:42 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

keycocker wrote:
I am in the development industry myself,in someone else country, and agree that taking out the human component would make every project much easier.

A project extending through hundreds of communities can not be analyzed in a simple engineering way. Be a lot easier if it could.

The builders have shown little benefit to the country they are putting at risk for foreigners to profit.
Each local area who figures that out must be convinced to take a hit for the benefit of foreigners like the Saudis, not for the greater good of Americans.
Hard sell.
Buying national politicians to roll over all the little guys has not worked so far.

Back to big oil and the DNC~
If everything that you have said in your last 2 posts was true (a hard sell in itself), then why are so many Dems flipping on this project? All just to try to save a senate seat? That's it, nothing more, are they willing to throw the baby out with the bathwater just for that?
If you believe that is true (which every well may be), then there are a bunch of members of that party that are willing to throw away their scruples merely for political reasons.
Not much different than Obamacare for that matter, a classy bunch.
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PostPosted: Sat Nov 15, 2014 1:55 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

"With respect, no it hasn't. Six years to make a decision is unacceptable. We all know that this outrageous procrastination is caused by politics not by uncertainty with regard to the facts. Is it any wonder that companies think twice about investing in this country?"

And, what difference has those six years made to the average American? Zero. The only folks that would benefit from the project are those that would profit from it. Why should we all be thinking that the Keystone XL pipeline makes a difference? You listen to politicians from oil refining states promoting the pipeline, and it is clear to me that most of it is contrived BS that will have little basis in fact. All the talk about North American oil independence and the creation of thousands of permanent jobs is essentially meaningless hype to sell an idea that will only benefit the oil industry. The pipeline will do nothing to lessen the price of gas at the pump. Right now, the oil refining industry has a hard time just keeping up with year round demand given factory maintenance and production failures that adversely affect output. Why not build new refineries in the northern midwest and avoid piping it down to the Gulf states? Probably because it doesn't make it convenient to do what the oil industry really wants to do ... to ship refined oil products overseas.
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PostPosted: Sat Nov 15, 2014 2:03 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

You are correct .the Dems are being bought with positions and cash payments. I am objecting to their sell out in my posts.
The GOP are selling out their scruples at a much faster rate.
I object to that also.
You forgot to.
That double standard thing comes natural when you read it so often in the conservative news network.
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PostPosted: Sat Nov 15, 2014 2:08 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Gybe wants me to prove that a Canadian pipeline is owned by foreigners.
Even simple facts confuse him, but his loyalties remain.
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PostPosted: Sat Nov 15, 2014 2:21 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

coboardhead wrote:
A realignment is cause for review of only that aspect of the pipeline...not the political merits of the entire project.

Keycocker. If we require any project, in any industry, to prove that it benefits a small number of people near the project, we cannot do anything for the greater good.

Many of us argue that it is O.K. for us to cause some financial inequality to advance healthcare for all and then support NIMBYism on projects in industries we do not care for. Frankly, I don't see much difference.

Define the design parameters, scrutinize and review, and deny or approve based on those parameters. Don't change the game. That's what most of us in the development industry desire.

Does the Federal EIS take into consideration the potential re-routing of the pipeline? If not, it is premature to pass legislation approving the pipeline. I expect the Federal EIS would have to be amended to account for the new location.
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PostPosted: Sat Nov 15, 2014 2:32 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Tar sands are not good to make gasoline, they are intended mostly for jet fuel and diesel for export.
At least Americans will make money refining it.
The main refinery at the end of the line is owned fifty fifty by Saudi Arabia and Dutch Shell.
Gybe, want a reference on that?
There are already US refineries in the North who would be happy to expand.
The Canadians have to sell that gas in the US.
You can't pull up a tanker headed elsewhere, looking for higher prices.
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PostPosted: Sat Nov 15, 2014 2:39 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

No comment needed.

The Keystone XL pipeline is no longer relevant to the oil industry, says industry mogul Harold Hamm, and he can't see why Congress is suddenly making it relevant now.

"We're supporting other pipelines out there," Hamm, the CEO of Oklahoma-based Continental Resources, told Politico on Friday, just before House lawmakers passed a bill to approve the pipeline. "We're not waiting on Keystone. Nobody is."

Continental resources had planned to use Keystone to ship some of its crude oil from North Dakota, but with the delays continuing on Keystone, it chose to use other pipelines to send at least half of its oil.
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Keystone "needed action on it six years ago," the billionaire CEO and former energy adviser to Mitt Romney's presidential campaign said. "I just think it's too late and we need to move on."

Supporters say the pipeline, which would transport crude from Canada through the United States and to the Gulf Coast, would create thousands of jobs while helping North America's energy independence.

But Hamm, who made much of his fortune investing in North Dakota's oil shale region, says that United States and international markets have plenty of oil, and prices are at their lowest level in four years.

"If we have an oil oversupply looking at us, do we need more Canadian oil here? Probably not," Hamm told Politico.

Lawmakers should instead work to lift a 1970s era ban on exporting crude oil, which would "level the playing field and untie our hands," said Hamm.

In addition, lifting the ban would weaken Russian President Vladimir Putin's stranglehold on Ukraine and other European countries by lessening Russian fuel imports, Hamm told Politico, calling Putin unpredictable and dangerous.

"I mean, how far will this guy go again?" Hamm said. "If he had been there when we had the first Cold War, we probably wouldn’t any of us be sitting here today."
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Several other oil producers have not waited for the Keystone XL pipeline battle, which has raged on for six years, to end. Steve Williams, the CEO of Suncor, which is Canada's largest oil producer, told Reuters in April that the pipeline is not critical to his company's plans to get crude oil to market and that the delays are not hampering his company's oil production.

But TransCanada, which is building the Keystone XL pipeline, says that event though the approval process has taken too long, the pipeline is still needed. Further, it said customers "continue to be strongly in support of this pipeline because it represents an affordable, safe and environmentally responsible alternative to move large volumes of oil long distances.”

However, TransCanada CEO Russ Girling said that his company is also considering a project to move oil by rail even if the pipeline is approved. In addition, TransCanada is pursuing another oil pipeline, Energy East, which would send the company's crude oil to the Atlantic Coast, and then ship the oil to the Gulf Coast refineries by ship.

The Senate is expected to vote on the Keystone legislation on Tuesday, following a push from Energy and Natural Resources Chairwoman Mary Landrieu, D-La., who needs the proof of such clout before she faces a runoff challenge against Republican Challenger Bill Cassidy, who sponsored the House bill that passed Friday.

"It’s too bad that Mary waited until she had the gun pointed at her head before she would act," Hamm said. "I think that's an act of desperation at this point."
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But even with the late push, Hamm would not predict if the still-Democratic-controlled Senate would send a bill to President Barack Obama, or if the legislation would be vetoed.

"I could guess with you on all that. I just don't think they need to be spending all their energy trying to do that,” he said. "That's not where the Senate needs to spend all their effort today."

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PostPosted: Sat Nov 15, 2014 2:43 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

How is allowing a foreign company to realize profits from oil refined and exported from the US in the national interests of the US? The case could be made that the price of oil products will actually increase in the US if the pipeline is allowed to continue the entire length. How is that in the national interest of the US?

Often lost in the political wrangling over the controversial Keystone XL pipeline – on hold after President Obama rejected TransCanada’s initial construction proposal – are some key findings that run counter to the rosy picture of abundant supply and lower prices so often painted by US politicians.

Canadian companies backing the Keystone XL – touted as enhancing US energy security with a big new surge of imported Canadian oil – actually expect it to supply more lucrative Gulf Coast export markets as well as raise Midwest oil prices by reducing “oversupply” in that region.

These little-publicized findings are contained in the studies and testimony of experts working for TransCanada, the company that wants to build the pipeline from Alberta’s tar sands across America’s heartland to Gulf Coast refineries.

Recommended: What the Keystone XL pipeline would mean for the US
Some of these concerns popped up, albeit briefly, in US congressional testimony last year on the pipeline project, and have given rise to a recent proposal to bar the sale of Keystone oil overseas.

What the Keystone XL pipeline would mean for the US

In the latest round of Capitol Hill fighting over the pipeline, Senate Democrats on Thursday defeated a Republican amendment to the transportation bill that would have fast-tracked the project by stripping the State Department of its approval authority and giving it to Congress.

In February, legislation to force US approval of the pipeline passed the House 237-187. That bill would strip the president of authority to block the project and give the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 30 days to approve the pipeline.

But most of the heated partisan rhetoric over job creation and gasoline prices glosses over what Keystone would or wouldn’t do for the US.

TransCanada’s case
“Keystone will bring many benefits to the United States, but I believe the most important role that Keystone will play is to bring energy security to the United States during what has been recently some very unsettling times overseas,” Alex Pourbaix, TransCanada’s president for energy and oil pipelines, said in a congressional hearing in December.

So, would TransCanada support US legislation requiring Canadian oil and products refined from it, such as diesel, to be sold only in the United States, asked Rep. Ed Markey (D) of Massachusetts, “so that this country realizes all of the energy security benefits your company and others have promised?”

“No, I can't do that,” Mr. Pourbaix said.

In an e-mailed statement, TransCanada spokesman Terry Cunha writes that Keystone XL could help cut US reliance on Mideast and Venezuelan imports “by up to 40 percent.” He cites a 2010 US Department of Energy study that he contends says more Canadian oil would “help reduce US imports of foreign oil from sources outside of North America.”

Most analysts agree that more Canadian oil flowing south would help reduce imports from other regions. Less obvious, however, is the fact that the Keystone XL pipeline is not actually needed to bring all that new Canadian oil to the US – a flow now projected to rise to 1.7 million barrels per day by 2030, according to the same DOE study. Often characterized by proponents as validating the need for the pipeline, that study actually found that Canadian oil import growth will go on at “almost identical” levels through 2030 using existing and new pipeline capacity as well as rail shipments – whether or not Keystone XL is built.

Political backlash
Even so, supporters in Congress continue to call Keystone XL “a no-brainer" from a US energy-security standpoint, also arguing it would benefit consumers by lowering gas prices, too. Keystone XL's “supplies from reliable sources leads to lower costs, thereby putting downward pressure on prices,” one study on TransCanada's website says.

According to this premise, Keystone XL would move up to 830,000 barrels of Canadian crude south each day, boosting economic activity by billions of dollars and creating thousands of new jobs – though their precise number is hotly disputed.

Yet in January, Mr. Obama, under pressure by Republicans, reiterated his previous decision to deny permission to build the Keystone XL– at least for now. The pipeline “would not serve the national interest at this time,” Dr. Kerri-Ann Jones, an assistant secretary of State, subsequently told the House subcommittee on Energy and Power, citing “unresolved concerns” including energy security, economic effects and environmental impacts.

TransCanada replied to the denial by saying it would resubmit its construction proposal to address the environmental concerns, and on Tuesday a company executive reportedly said new plans that rerouted the pipeline away from the sensitive Nebraska Sandhills region would be ready in weeks.

But the president's denial unleashed a furor as GOP presidential candidates and oil industry backers lambasted the White House for denying the US economy oil and jobs.

“The president demonstrates a lack of seriousness about bringing down unemployment, restoring economic growth, and achieving energy independence,” GOP presidential hopeful Mitt Romney said in a statement.

Newt Gingrich said the decision “weakens America's national security and kills thousands of well-paying American jobs,” while oil industry advocate Jack Gerard, president and CEO of the American Petroleum Institute, called the project “essential,” and said, “It must be approved and built.”

Higher oil prices in the Midwest?
But others, including environmentalists who oppose the pipeline mainly because extracting oil from tar sands releases more greenhouse gases than other methods of harvesting oil, also argue the pipeline will do little or nothing to boost US energy security and will actually lead to higher oil prices in the Midwest.

“Rather than providing the US with more Canadian oil, Keystone XL will simply shift oil from the Midwest to the Gulf Coast, where much of it can be exported to international buyers – decreasing US energy supply and increasing the cost of oil in the American Midwest,” concludes a new study by the Natural Resources Defense Council, a New York-based environmental advocacy non-profit group, citing numerous TransCanada studies and the transcripts of Canadian federal hearings.

But it’s not just environmentalists who are howling in the wilderness.

“The firms involved have asked the US State Department to approve this project, even as they’ve told Canadian government officials how the pipeline can be used to add at least $4 billion to the US fuel bill,” Philip K. Verleger, president of PKVerleger LLC, a Colorado consulting firm that specializes in research on oil market economics, wrote in a Minneapolis Star-Tribune commentary last March.

US farmers who spent $12.4 billion on fuel in 2009 could see those costs rise to $15 billion or higher if the pipeline goes through, he projects. At least $500 million of the added cost “would come from the Canadian market manipulation,” he wrote.

“Millions of Americans will spend 10 to 20 cents more per gallon for gasoline and diesel fuel as tribute to our ‘friendly’ neighbors to the north,” the highly respected Dr. Verleger wrote. “The Keystone XL pipeline will move production from Canadian oil sands to a deepwater port from where it can be exported.”

But that is not merely Verleger’s opinion. It’s based on findings of the economic consultants hired by TransCanada – contained in their analyses of the pipeline’s impact on Canadian oil producers and in official testimony before Canada's National Energy Board.

“Existing markets for Canadian heavy crude, principally [the US Midwest], are currently oversupplied, resulting in price discounting for Canadian heavy crude oil,” concludes a 2009 analysis on behalf of TransCanada by Purvin & Gertz, Inc., an oil economics firm based in Houston. “Access to the [US Gulf Coast] via the Keystone XL Pipeline is expected to strengthen Canadian crude oil pricing in [the Midwest market] by removing this oversupply. This is expected to increase the price of heavy crude to the equivalent cost of imported crude.”

Gulf link to global markets
As a result of those increases in the price of heavy crude in the Midwest and sales of higher-margin refined products shipped out from Gulf Coast refineries to other markets, Canadian oil producers could be expected to reap $2 billion to $3.9 billion more each year, the analysis says.

“Shippers on the Keystone XL Pipeline have contracted for access to the [US Gulf Coast] market for their oil sands production and refining needs,” the Purvin & Gertz study concludes. “Not only will this directly benefit these shippers, it will also provide a benefit to all [Western Canadian] heavy crude producers by increasing the price they receive for their crude, as well as providing significant pipeline capacity to an alternative market” on the US Gulf coast.

Why Canadian crude oil producers would choose Keystone XL when other pipelines to the US are running well below capacity has much to do with diversifying away from the US market to more lucrative markets in Europe, China, and other Asian countries, Verleger and others argue. Trends seem to support this thesis.

Over the past five years, exports from the US Gulf Coast have soared as refiners sitting in tax-free zones near Port Arthur, Texas, have shifted production away from gasoline and toward higher-margin diesel. Since 2007, overall US exports of diesel and other products have jumped 134 percent, the US Energy Information Administration reports. Of US exports, two-thirds is shipped abroad from Gulf Coast refineries – now more than 2 million barrels a day and up from just a quarter of today's level a decade ago.

That trend was captured in testimony Sept. 17, 2009, before Canada’s National Energy Board. Seven Canadian companies were willing to pay higher pipeline tariff costs for using the Keystone XL pipeline, the testimony showed, in order to bypass Midwest refineries by sending 500,000 barrels per day, the lion’s share of the pipeline’s capacity, to Gulf refineries.

Valve to relieve Midwest oil “oversupply”
In addition to winning higher prices for Canadian oil in the Gulf, the pipeline would boost revenues by shuttling existing oil supplies out of the Midwest – boosting prices, the Canadian study and testimony also show.

“So seven shippers or seven producers are, in your view, pursuing this strategy in order to increase the [Midwest oil market] and Ontario prices. Do I have it right?” D. Davies, a Canadian energy board examiner asked Thomas Wise, the Purvin & Gertz expert who authored the economic analysis for TransCanada.

“If a minority of the barrels were sold at the Gulf Coast at a Gulf Coast price, that would have the effect of raising the price not only in the Midwest and Ontario but in Western Canada,” Mr. Wise responded.

In hearings last May and December, TransCanada officials admitted to US legislators that the pipeline will indeed increase the price paid for Canadian oil in the Midwest – but suggested those higher crude oil prices would not necessarily mean higher gasoline prices in that region.

The pipeline would reduce the “discount on Canadian oil” currently paid by US refiners – an oil price increase for US refineries, Pourbaix said in a congressional hearing last May. Even so, “that crude will still remain the cheapest source of crude by a long shot that U.S. refineries have access to,” he testified.

“If you add significant new supply to a static demand for a product in a market, you should see the price go down,” Pourbaix explained. “So it is my absolute expectation, that over time, with incremental supplies of Canadian crude oil coming into the US market, you will see downward pressure on refined products prices, throughout US markets.”

In his e-mailed response, TransCanada's Mr. Cunha cites a June 2011 report by IHS CERA, an energy economics firm that reached similar conclusions. “Prices at the pump will drop when America’s largest refining region (the Gulf Coast) becomes less dependent on the world’s highest priced crude (OPEC),” he wrote. “Foreign importers will have to cut their prices if they want to compete with the cheaper Canadian crude.... We would argue the overall US price per barrel will drop as refiners pay less for foreign and domestic oil competing with a higher volume of cheap Canadian oil.”

Testimony and supporting documents north of the border stating that Keystone XL would raise Canadian crude prices has set off alarm bells with several US legislators – while leaving others unmoved.

Legislators react to findings
Rep. Ed Whitfield (R) of Kentucky, who chaired two hearings into the Keystone XL, heard positive testimony about the pipeline – as well as contradicting testimony that it would do little or nothing for energy security while raising Midwest oil prices. He still likes the project, however.

“If our president decides that sending aircraft carrier strike groups to the Strait of Hormuz to defend oil flow is in the national interest, then one would also think a pipeline from Canada that would help eliminate our Middle East oil imports also serves the national interest,” Mr. Whitfield said in a prepared opening statement for the hearing he chaired.

In an e-mailed statement, Whitfield's press secretary adds that the pipeline “will help lower the price of gasoline by bringing more oil supply to the market” and says the Department of Energy “specifically states that gasoline prices in all connected markets would go down.”

But Sen. Ron Wyden, an Oregon Democrat, was alarmed enough to call last year for a Federal Trade Commission (FTC) investigation into the matter based in part on the Canadian National Energy Board testimony.

“While the full nature of the arrangements agreed upon by the Canadian shippers is unclear, there is clear indication that there is a coordinated ‘strategy’ among Canadian suppliers to gain higher prices,” Senator Wyden wrote Jonathan Liebowitz, chairman of the FTC in an April 6, 2011, letter. “This will have the effect of manipulating supply levels allowing prices of oil refined in [the Midwest oil market] to rise and ultimately benefitting the Canadian companies with higher prices.”

On Thursday, it was Wyden who put forward an amendment to the transportation bill that would have prohibited the sale of the Keystone oil overseas and imposed other regulatory requirements. His amendment was defeated 64 to 34.

Reacting to Obama’s previous decision to bar approval for Keystone XL, TransCanada made it clear it considered the project too vital to delay for long.

“Until this pipeline is constructed, the US will continue to import millions of barrels of conflict oil from the Middle East and Venezuela and other foreign countries who do not share democratic values Canadians and Americans are privileged to have,” Russ Girling, TransCanada's president and chief executive officer said in a statement.

“This project,” he continued, “is too important to the US economy, the Canadian economy and the national interest of the United States for it not to proceed.”
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